Health & Physical Education

Cardiovascular System and Respiratory System

Year 10 Specialist PE

Resource Key

When accessing content use the numbers below to guide you


undefined   LEVEL 1

Brief, basic information laid out in an easy-to-read format. May use informal language. (Includes most news articles)


undefined   LEVEL 2

Provides additional background information and further reading. Introduces some subject-specific language


undefined   LEVEL 3

Lengthy, detailed information. Frequently uses technical/subject-specific language. (Includes most analytical articles)

Khan Academy


This Guide has been created for Year 10 Specialist PE studying the cardiovascular and respiratory systems.


The aim of this Guide is for you to be able to:

  • Define and describe the functions of the circulatory system
  • Compare Arteries, Veins and capillaries
  • Describe the components of blood (Plasma, Red Blood Cells, White Blood Cells, Platelets)
  • Describe the path that blood takes through the body including all chambers and blood vessels (no name of valves needed)
  • Give reasoning behind the reasons for having two circulatory systems (Systemic and Pulmonary)
  • Define blood pressure and explain what ventricular contraction and relaxation is
  • Identify parts of the circulatory and respiratory system (able to label)
  • Justify and define the mechanics of inhalation and exhalation (pressure of lungs, ribs, intercostal muscles, diaphragm)
  • Summarise the Acute and Chronic responses to exercise

Cardiorespiratory system

  • The circulatory system and the respiratory system combined form the cardiorespiratory system.
  • The circulatory system consists of the heart and blood vessels.
  • The respiratory system consists of the lungs and air passages.
  • The systems work hand in hand to provide the body with nutrients and oxygen as well as in the removal of waste products such as carbon dioxide from the body.


Key Search terms:

  • Circulatory system
  • Blood
  • Heart
  • Respiratory system


Diagram of the Cardiorespiratory system