Cardiovascular System and Respiratory System
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This Guide has been created for Year 10 Specialist PE studying the cardiovascular and respiratory systems.
The aim of this Guide is for you to be able to:
- Define and describe the functions of the circulatory system
- Compare Arteries, Veins and capillaries
- Describe the components of blood (Plasma, Red Blood Cells, White Blood Cells, Platelets)
- Describe the path that blood takes through the body including all chambers and blood vessels (no name of valves needed)
- Give reasoning behind the reasons for having two circulatory systems (Systemic and Pulmonary)
- Define blood pressure and explain what ventricular contraction and relaxation is
- Identify parts of the circulatory and respiratory system (able to label)
- Justify and define the mechanics of inhalation and exhalation (pressure of lungs, ribs, intercostal muscles, diaphragm)
- Summarise the Acute and Chronic responses to exercise
- The circulatory system and the respiratory system combined form the cardiorespiratory system.
- The circulatory system consists of the heart and blood vessels.
- The respiratory system consists of the lungs and air passages.
- The systems work hand in hand to provide the body with nutrients and oxygen as well as in the removal of waste products such as carbon dioxide from the body.
Key Search terms:
- Circulatory system
- Respiratory system
Diagram of the Cardiorespiratory system